The Innovation: Drafting Board
iCivics is an online civic education platform founded and led by Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. Drafting Board is a free, interactive, scaffolding instruction tool in iCivics that explores civics content more deeply, advances content-based literacy and critical thinking, and engages students in deeper learning. It gives students the tools they need to argue effectively about issues that matter to them—ultimately preparing them for college, career, and citizenship.
Drafting Board’s six modules guide students through the process of understanding an issue, taking a side, and using evidence to support a claim. At the end, students have an argumentative essay with an introduction, body, counterargument, and conclusion. Through this process, students learn to analyze and synthesize a variety of text sources; use reasoning, evidence, and logical organization to support a claim; and understand the structure of an effective argumentative essay.
Drafting Board’s Modules Teach Students to Argue Effectively on Issues
Each Drafting Board unit’s overview page has a feature for users to search for CCSS and individual State Standards by state:
- The Constitution
- Civil Rights
- Citizenship & Participation
- International Affairs
- Politics and Public Policy
- Government and the Market
- Media and Influence
The goal is for students to (1) meet Common Core Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies; (2) obtain subject-specific knowledge of civics as defined by other state standards; and (3) show improvements in deeper learning competencies, specifically self-directed learning, communication skills, and problem solving and critical thinking.
Results Achieved: Drafting Board has shown to improve student achievement at a greater rate than traditional instruction in a randomized controlled trial conducted across three diverse Florida districts in spring 2012 by Tufts University researchers:
Students who used Drafting Board for two or three days showed significant gains in argumentative writing ability in comparison with the control group.
The experimental group scored an average of 2.73 out of 4.00 in post-intervention argumentative essays, compared with 2.54 for the control group (p < 0.01) (Kawashima-Ginsberg, 2012).
Students in the intervention group were 62% more likely to write “excellent” essays than the control group.
The Grant Project: iCivics received an NGLC grant in June 2011.
NGLC funding fostered Drafting Board’s design, development, and iterative improvement. In addition, iCivics worked closely and learned alongside fellow grantees, including Gooru, LearnZillion, and Imagine Education.
Today: iCivics continues to support its educator community by supplying its users with world-class resources available on the latest technology platforms. To this end, priorities include improvement of Drafting Board’s interoperability and personalized learning features to make it even more accessible and effective for students.
Long term Goal: To prepare the next generation of engaged citizens